History of Risk Management
The following is a very incomplete outline of risk management history. Most of these items were found on the internet. So you can use this as a source for search terms. Riskviews has some additional historical material about the Global Financial Crisis.
Risk management doubtless started earlier than 2000 BC. The initial item cited below is the earliest record of risk management. This first panel includes activities that develop the intellectual basis for risk management.
Sometime around 1980, the theories about risk started to be applied in a big way, especially in banks. Each new wave of activity eventually led to a blow-up, but everyone tried to learn from the mistakes and incorporate those learnings into common risk management practices and it eventually led to the development of Enterprise Risk Management and the apparent mastery of risk.
The mastery of risk was actually a drastic overstatement. The best practices were often given only lip service and extremely large risk positions were allowed to be built up in financial institutions around the globe. There was a bubble in risk and like all bubbles, it eventually burst.