Reviewing the Risk Environment
The new US Actuarial Standards of Practice 46 and 47 suggest that the actuary needs to assess the risk environment as a part of risk evaluation and risk treatment professional services. The result of that evaluation should be considered in that work.
And assessment of the risk environment would probably be a good idea, even if the risk manager is not a US actuary.
But what does it mean to assess the risk environment? One example of a risk environment assessment can be found on the OCC website. They prepare a report titled “Semi Annual Risk Perspective“.
This report could be a major source of information, especially for Life Insurers, about the risk environment. And for Non-Life carriers, the outline can be a good road map of the sorts of things to review regarding their risk environment.
Part I: Operating Environment
- Slow U.S. Economic Growth Weighs on Labor Market
- Sluggish European Growth Also Likely to Weigh on U.S. Economic Growth in Near Term
- Treasury Yields Remain Historically Low
- Housing Metrics Improved
- Commercial Real Estate Vacancy Recovery Uneven Across Property Types
Part II: Condition and Performance of Banks.
A. Profitability and Revenues: Improving Slowly..
- Profitability Increasing .
- Return on Equity Improving, Led by Larger Banks .
- Fewer Banks Report Losses
- Noninterest Income Improving for Large and Small Banks.
- Trading Revenues Return to Pre-Crisis Levels
- Counterparty Credit Exposure on Derivatives Continues to Decline ………….
- Low Market Volatility May Understate Risk
- Net Interest Margin Compression Continues..
B. Loan Growth Challenges
- Total Loan Growth: C&I Driven at Large Banks; Regionally Uneven for Small Banks….
- Commercial Loan Growth Led by Finance and Insurance, Real Estate, and Energy …
- Residential Mortgage Runoff Continues, Offsetting Rising Demand for Auto and Student Loans………….
C. Credit Quality: Continued Improvement, Although Residential Real Estate Lags
- Charge-Off Rates for Most Loan Types Drop Below Long-Term Averages
- Shared National Credit Review: Adversely Rated Credits Still Above Average Levels .
- Significant Leveraged Loan Issuance Accompanied by Weaker Underwriting.
- New Issuance Covenant-Lite Leveraged Loan Volume Surges .
- Commercial Loan Underwriting Standards Easing .
- Mortgage Delinquencies Declining, but Remain Elevated.
- Auto Lending Terms Extending ..
Part III: Funding, Liquidity, and Interest Rate Risk
- Retention Rate of Post-Crisis Core Deposit Growth Remains Uncertain
- Small Banks’ Investment Portfolios Concentrated in Mortgage Securities
- Commercial Banks Increasing Economic Value of Equity Risk
Part IV: Elevated Risk Metrics
- VIX Index Signals Low Volatility…
- Bond Volatility Rising but Near Long-Term Average
- Financials’ Share of the S&P 500 Rising but Remains Below Average
- Home Prices Rising .
- Commercial Loan Delinquencies and Losses Decline to Near or Below Average ..
- Credit Card Delinquencies and Losses Near Cyclical Lows .
Part V: Regulatory Actions
- Banks Rated 4 or 5 Continue to Decline
- Matters Requiring Attention Gradually Decline
- Enforcement Actions Against Banks Slow in 2013
For those who need a broader perspective, the IMF regularly publishes a report called World Economic Output. That report is much longer but more specifically focused on the general level of economic activity. Here are the main chapter headings:
Chapter 1. Global Prospects and Policies
Chapter 2. Country and Regional Perspectives
Chapter 3. Dancing Together? Spillovers, Common Shocks, and the Role of Financial and Trade Linkages
Chapter 4. The Yin and Yang of Capital Flow Management: Balancing Capital Inflows with Capital outflows
The IMF report also includes forecasts, such as the following: